Types of Fishing Nets, Fishing nets are fundamental to the accompanying types: 1. Dip Net 2. Cast Net 3. Purse Net 4. Gill Net
Type # 1. Dip Net:
A dip net comprises of a bit of the net set on a casing with handle and is brought down into the water and lifted out in a scooping style. It might be triangular, rectangular, or squarish fit as a fiddle. The littler nets are worked by hand from a vessel, while the bigger ones are fixed along the shore and worked by a long bamboo going about as a switch from a stage likewise made of bamboos.
A dip net is referred to by different names, for example, “Hela jal”, “Kharra jal”, “Khoursala jal” and “Bhesal jal”. Of this Kharra jal is a fixed net worked from a wooden stage; Bhesal jal is worked from a pontoon; Khoursala jal is worked with a rope to lift it. Little fish and prawns are gotten by these nets. This is one of the first Types of Fishing Nets.
Type # 2. Cast Net:
It is round fit as a fiddle resembling an umbrella, with a solid rope appended to the peak. Various loads of iron or lead are connected along the edge. The angler tosses the net dexterously over the water from a pontoon, so that the rope is held in one hand and the net falls on the water surface completely extended. The net step by step sinks to the base because of loads joined to the edge, and little fish and prawn are entrapped in it. The net is pulled with the assistance of rope. This is also one of the Types of Fishing Nets.
Type # 3. Purse Net:
Transitory fish like the Hilsa is gotten by a rectangular net resembling a purse, and is worked from a vessel in the waterway Ganga. “Kharki jal” and the “Shangla jal” are two assortments of the purse net. The previous is made of tanned cotton twine, and is rectangular fit as a fiddle with a huge mouth. Two bended, adaptable bamboo sticks structure the upper and the lower lip of the mouth and are pivoted at the two points.
Vertical bamboo is appended to the lower lip and goes through a ring in the upper lip with the goal that the mouth of the net can be opened or shut as wanted by the angler by applying pressure on the shaft. This is also one of the Types of Fishing Nets.
The net is suspended from the pontoon by ropes while the mouth is kept open, and the vessel is moving downstream. Fish relocating upstream enter the mouth and are effortlessly gotten. In Shanglajal, there is a weighted rope appended to the lower lip instead of bamboo, and the net can be set at any ideal profundity to get Hilsa.
Type # 4. Gill Net:
The gill net is an enormous mass of net set in water and is inactively worked, as it isn’t moved by anglers to get the fish. The net comprises of a head rope with glides joined to it, and a foot rope with sinkers. The net is made of cotton or hemp in different hues with the goal that it isn’t obvious to the fish. Nylon twines are presently favored as being straightforward. The size of the work relies upon the species to be gotten. This is also one of the Types of Fishing Nets.
The net is generally set over the stream, or cross over to the way of moving fish, with the goal that when a fish attempts to swim through the net divider, it gets caught in the work. In this way, the fish is trapped in the net twine behind the operculum. Thus these nets are classified “gill nets”.
The net is set at night and pulled the following morning to gather the ensnared fish. The net is utilized to gather enormous fishes and consequently, net with huge size work and solid twine is utilized. A Gill net might be – (I) fixed gill net, (ii) skimming net, or (iii) float net. This is also one of the Types of Fishing Nets.
Float nets are commonly utilized along the coastline to get salmon, herrings and mackerels. A float net is of an enormous size, often comprising of a few littler pieces, with buoys and sinkers. The net isn’t tied down and is permitted to float openly alongside the current on the base. The net is lifted toward the beginning of the day to gather prawns and fish that get entrapped in it.
Fixed gill nets are set as a huge divider going about as a viable hindrance for the fish. The net is fixed by long shafts and a few nets are joined to shape a net divider, 25-30 m long. Buoys and sinkers are not utilized in this net, which is set during elevated tide, and fish and prawn ate trapped in the work when the tide retreats. This is also one of the Types of Fishing Nets.
A net might be fixed as a straight divider, or half of the net is sorted out, and the other half is gone internal to frame a snare. The straight segment of the networks as a “pioneer” and coordinates the fish into the snare. At some point, one net is sorted out to go about as a “pioneer” and a subsequent net is set at its one end bended as a hover to shape a snare.